International Journal of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2014  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 252--255

Assessment of neurocognitive functions in HIV/AIDS patients on HAART using the international HIV dementia scale


Savita Saini, Kiran V Barar 
 Department of Pharmacology, Sardar Patel Medical College, Bikaner, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Savita Saini
Type 2/114, Anudeep Colony, Rawatbhata, Chittorgarh 323 307, Rajasthan
India

Background: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals on National AIDS Control Organization«SQ»s (NACO)-India-Based-highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) regimen often continue experiencing neurological complications, referred to as HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND). Objectives: The prime objective is to assess the status of neurocognitive functions among HIV-infected individuals on HAART, using the International HIV Dementia Scale (IHDS). Materials and Methods: This prospective cohort study was carried out between October 2011 and September 2012, on 80 HIV-positive individuals, randomly selected from the ART Centre of PBM and AG Hospital, Bikaner, India. The patients were clinically examined and tested using IHDS. Results: All the subjects on HAART were found to have HAND-prevalence at 32.50%. Asymptomatic Neurocognitive Impairment (ANI) and HIV-associated Mild Neurocognitive Disorder (MND) were observed in 30 and 2.5% of the patients, respectively, and HIV-associated Dementia (HAD) was absent. Conclusion: In our study the IHDS Score was abnormal, that is, ≤10, in 32.50% of the patients, which shows probable neurocognitive impairment in the study subjects. This suggests the need to routinely screen HIV-positive patients, to recognize the neurocognitive deficits at an early stage and the IHDS may have great value as a screening test for HAND.


How to cite this article:
Saini S, Barar KV. Assessment of neurocognitive functions in HIV/AIDS patients on HAART using the international HIV dementia scale.Int J Nutr Pharmacol Neurol Dis 2014;4:252-255


How to cite this URL:
Saini S, Barar KV. Assessment of neurocognitive functions in HIV/AIDS patients on HAART using the international HIV dementia scale. Int J Nutr Pharmacol Neurol Dis [serial online] 2014 [cited 2020 Dec 4 ];4:252-255
Available from: https://www.ijnpnd.com/article.asp?issn=2231-0738;year=2014;volume=4;issue=4;spage=252;epage=255;aulast=Saini;type=0