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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 23-27

Assessment of prevalence of anemia in and its correlates among community-dwelling elderly of Assam, India: A cross-sectional study

1 Department of Community Medicine, Hamdard Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Gauhati Medical College, Guwahati, Assam, India

Correspondence Address:
Rashmi Agarwalla
Department of Community Medicine, Hamdard Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, New Delhi - 110 062
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2231-0738.173788

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Background: Anemia in the elderly can have tremendous impact on their health and functionality. Many a time, anemia in the elderly is overlooked and due priority is not given regarding its causes and impact. Objectives: The present study was conducted to assess the prevalence of anemia in the elderly and study the various correlates associated with it. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted from December 2011 to May 2012 in Boko-Bongaon block, Kamrup District, Assam, India. A total of 30 clusters were selected and 11 elderly from each cluster were taken to get the desired sample size of 330. Hemoglobin estimation was performed to assess the presence of anemia. Results: Prevalence of anemia was 45.5% in the present study. Elderly with severe anemia constituted 15.3%. The associations of anemia with age, gender, calorie intake, type of diet, iron supplementation, and worm infestation were found to be significant. Conclusion: Further in-depth studies are needed regarding the causes of anemia and the role of nutritional prophylaxis. The provisions for adequate health care measures and services to combat anemia in the elderly is needed for timely action.

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