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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 11-16

The effects of aqueous leaf extract of Aegle marmelos on immobilization-induced stress in male albino Wistar rats

1 Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Faculty of Science, Annamalai University, Annamalainagar, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Division of Biochemistry, Rani Meyyammai College of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Nadanam Saravanan
Division of Biochemistry, Rani Meyyammai College of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Annamalai University, Annamalainagar - 608 002, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2231-0738.106974

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Aim: Stress is the major problem in the modern world. Stress is one of the basic factors in the development of many diseases and has been exposed to be associated with altered homeostasis that may lead to antioxidant imbalance. Our aim was to evaluate the anti-stress activities of aqueous leaf extract of Aegle marmelos (AM) in immobilization-induced stress in rats. The anti-stress activities of AM were assessed by monitoring the change in the status of stress hormone, glucose, and non-enzymic antioxidants in immobilization-induced stress in rats. Materials and Methods: Immobilization stress was induced in rats by placing in 20 cm × 7 cm plastic tubes for 2 h/day for 21 days. Aqueous leaf extract of AM was given by gavage to the experimental rats at a dose of 100 mg/kg body weight daily for 21 days. Results: Immobilization stress induced in rats for 21 days caused increased corticosterone, glucose levels and decreased levels of non-enzymic antioxidant such as Vitamin C, vitamin E, and glutathione in plasma, liver, and kidney. AM significantly increased the non-enzymic antioxidants and decreased the levels of corticosterone at the end of experimental period as compared to control. Conclusion: Natural antioxidants strengthen the endogenous antioxidant defenses from reactive oxygen species and restore an optimal balance by neutralizing the reactive species. They are gaining immense importance by virtue of their critical role in disease prevention. In this context, AM can rightly be mentioned as a plant of considerable interest. In the present study, treatment with AM was found to reverse the oxidative stress in the hypothalamus caused by immobilization stress. So, it is concluded that AM is having high antioxidant properties and anti-stress activity.

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