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  Indian J Med Microbiol
 

Figure 1: Schematic representation of the mode of action of probiotics in the intestines.[36] The strategy is based on the ability of probiotic bacteria (B) to bind pathogens (C) in intestinal epithelial tissue (A). Antipathogenic action of probiotics consists in production of lactic acid (D), which decreases the pH, interacts with the toxins produced by pathogens (E), with the production of hydrogen peroxide (F) and synthesis of bacteriocine (G)[36]

Figure 1: Schematic representation of the mode of action of probiotics in the intestines.[36] The strategy is based on the ability of probiotic bacteria (B) to bind pathogens (C) in intestinal epithelial tissue (A). Antipathogenic action of probiotics consists in production of lactic acid (D), which decreases the pH, interacts with the toxins produced by pathogens (E), with the production of hydrogen peroxide (F) and synthesis of bacteriocine (G)[36]