International Journal of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2019  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 53--71

Boswellia Gum Resin and Essential Oils: Potential Health Benefits − An Evidence Based Review


Luay Rashan1, F. Lukmanul Hakkim1, Mohammed Idrees1, Musthafa Mohamed Essa2, Thirunavukkarasu Velusamy3, Mohammed Al-Baloshi4, Buthaina S Al-Balushi5, Ali Al Jabri4, Mohammed H Al-Rizeiqi5, Gilles J Guillemin6, Sidgi Syed Anwer Abdo Hasson4 
1 Frankincense Biodiversity Unit, Research Center, Dhofar University, Salalah, Oman
2 Department of Food Science and Nutrition, College of Agricultural and Marine Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat; Ageing and Dementia Research Group, Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat, Oman
3 Department of Biotechnology, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu, India
4 Department of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat, Oman
5 Department of Food Science and Nutrition, College of Agricultural and Marine Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat, Oman
6 Head of the Neuroinflammation group, MND Research Centre, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Macquarie University, NSW, Australia

Correspondence Address:
Luay Rashan
Frankincense Biodiversity Unit, Research Center, Dhofar University, Salalah
Oman

Traditional medicine is still widely practiced in many countries due to its complexity and long term benefit. Among various medicinal plants found in Dhofar region of Oman, frankincense has a unique position due to its medicinal and economical importance. The gum-resin and essential oil produced by different species, most of these are related to family Burseraceae under the Boswellia genus. The family members of Boswellia are characterized by resin bearing ducts. Among the twenty-nine species of genus Boswellia, (Burseraceae), Boswellia sacra Flueck is known since decades for the extraction of aromatic gums and resins that are burned as incense. Boswellia resin holds about 60-80% alcohol-soluble resin, 15-20% water soluble gum and 5-7 % essential oil, along with polysaccharide fraction and polymeric substances are also present in limited extent. The physicians and nutritionists show interest in frankincense due to the therapeutic potential of its gum resin and essential oil. Essential oil and gum resin of various species of frankincense has been used to make remedies to treat different diseases. Various reports have described the antimicrobial, immuno-modulatory, anti-inflammatory, hypoglycemic, anticancer, anti-asthmatic, antidiarrheal, hypo-lipidemic, anti-diabetic, hepato-protective, and even antiviral effect of different Boswellia species. In this review, we have highlighted the works done so far on the use of Boswellia gum resin and health benefits along with some pilot clinical studies done on the Boswellia gum resin related products.


How to cite this article:
Rashan L, Hakkim FL, Idrees M, Essa MM, Velusamy T, Al-Baloshi M, Al-Balushi BS, Al Jabri A, Al-Rizeiqi MH, Guillemin GJ, Abdo Hasson SA. Boswellia Gum Resin and Essential Oils: Potential Health Benefits − An Evidence Based Review.Int J Nutr Pharmacol Neurol Dis 2019;9:53-71


How to cite this URL:
Rashan L, Hakkim FL, Idrees M, Essa MM, Velusamy T, Al-Baloshi M, Al-Balushi BS, Al Jabri A, Al-Rizeiqi MH, Guillemin GJ, Abdo Hasson SA. Boswellia Gum Resin and Essential Oils: Potential Health Benefits − An Evidence Based Review. Int J Nutr Pharmacol Neurol Dis [serial online] 2019 [cited 2019 Jul 17 ];9:53-71
Available from: http://www.ijnpnd.com/article.asp?issn=2231-0738;year=2019;volume=9;issue=2;spage=53;epage=71;aulast=Rashan;type=0