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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 76-83

A Systematic Review on Etiology, Epidemiology, and Treatment of Cerebral Palsy


Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kumaun University, Campus Bhimtal, Bhimtal, Uttarakhand, India

Correspondence Address:
Jyoti Upadhyay
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kumaun University, Campus Bhimtal, Bhimtal, Uttarakhand
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijnpnd.ijnpnd_26_17

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The most common physical disability in childhood is cerebral palsy (CP). It is difficult to assess and clarify the risk factors associated with this disorder. The aim of this article is to review the recent literature relating to etiology, epidemiology, and advances in the treatment of CP. A systematic search for peer-reviewed articles with keywords “cerebral palsy” and “neurodisability” since 1980 was performed. An investigational research on CP offers an excellent opportunity in understanding the risk factors associated with this disorder as well as its incidences and prevalence. Various new techniques have evolved in the management of CP, such as traditional physiotherapy, occupational therapy, selective dorsal rhizotomy, sensory integration, botulinum toxin injection, and intrathecal baclofen. The care and management of CP in an individual is a very complex process. Although a number of therapeutic interventions have been used by healthcare professionals, but the efficacy of only few has been established by scientific research. To prevent the chances of CP, we need to understand the causes as well as risk factors associated with this disorder.


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