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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 54-59

Oral Health Issues and Challenges in Parkinson’s Disease


1 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, ACPM Dental College, Dhule, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Public Health Dentistry, ACPM Dental College, Dhule, Maharashtra, India
3 Department of General Surgery, SBH Government Medical College, Dhule, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Ujwala R Newadkar
Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, ACPM Dental College, Dhule - 424 003, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijnpnd.ijnpnd_22_17

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Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder with a slow onset, and compared with the familial forms of the disease, it is associated with advanced age (>55 years of age). It is characterized bycardinal features of bradykinesia, rigidity, tremor, and postural instability. It is superseded only by Alzheimer’s disease as the most common neurodegenerative disorder. PD patients may experience increased difficulties in oral health practices due to several factors: motor impairment, apathy, depression, and dementia. Patients with PD present several challenges to the dental healthcare team and to the patient related to both the illness and its treatment. Medications for neurodegenerative diseases can produce xerostomia, which will lead to dental caries. It can also produce the other problems like bruxism, dry throat, gingivitis, tongue edema, abnormal taste, glossitis, and orthostatic hypotension. Special care must be taken during treatment of such patients in the clinics. Our paper presents a brief comprehensive review on PD and its oral health consideration.


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