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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 23-28

Prevalence of overweight and obesity in urban school going adolescents in Shimla city


1 Department of Community Medicine, Indira Gandhi Medical College, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India
2 Department of Cardiology, Indira Gandhi Medical College, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Anjali Mahajan
Department of Community Medicine, Indira Gandhi Medical College, Shimla - 171 001, Himachal Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2231-0738.147461

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Objectives: To study the prevalence of overweight and obesity among school going adolescents in Shimla city in Himachal Pradesh. Materials and Methods: A school based cross-sectional study was carried out to determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity among urban school-going adolescents (10 to 19 years) of both sexes studying from fifth to twelfth classes in various government and private schools of Shimla city in Himachal Pradesh. Results: A sample of 3385 students comprising 1665 females (49.2%) and 1720 (50.8%) males was formed for the purpose of the study. It was observed that 39.8% subjects were underweight, 3.0% were overweight, and 0.9% obese. 5.7% adolescents were found to be centrally obese taking ninety-fifth percentile of waist circumference for age and sex as the cut off. In transition from the higher to lower socioeconomic status, there was an increase in prevalence of underweight and decrease in prevalence of overweight and obesity. Prevalence of overweight and obesity was more in females of the higher socioeconomic class. Conclusions: It is indeed ironic that a problem of 'plenty,' namely, childhood overweight and obesity has emerged, even as we are still fighting malnutrition and infectious disease. As such, conflict in public health messages is a distinct possibility and must be avoided at all cost.


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