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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 325-331

Anxiolytic potential of medicinal plants


Department of Pharmacology Division, Rayat Institute of Pharmacy, Railmajra, (Near Ropar), SBS Nagar, Punjab, India

Correspondence Address:
Priyanka Thakur
Rayat Institute of Pharmacy, Railmajra - 144 533, (Near-Ropar), SBS Nagar, Punjab
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2231-0738.119838

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There is a high prevalence of mental and neurological disorders worldwide; these account for 13% of total disability adjusted life years lost due to all diseases and injuries in the world. World Health Organization estimates that 450 million persons suffer from mental illness. Anxiety is widespread, with life-time prevalence rates ranging from 13.6% to 28.8% in Western countries. Individuals aged between 10 years and 25 years are at highest risk for developing an anxiety condition. A large number of herbs are used in the treatment of anxiety disorders. Herbs such as valerian, ginkgo, laghupatha, etc., are the herbs that are used to treat anxiety disorder. These anxiety herbs have lots of common adverse drug reactions such as drowsiness, dizziness, headache, etc. However, most of the herbal drugs are safe for treatment and although, the available pharmacological treatments for these disorders are not much effective, they have many limitations. We have not much treatment options that could safely and effectively alleviate anxiety. A review of the literature was conducted to ascertain and discuss the anxiolytic potential of some medicinal plants present in the lap of nature. It is hoped that the more efficient and effective application of natural products will improve the drug discovery in anxiety. Comprehensive review will pave a way to focus the anxiolytic potential of medicinal plants.


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