|LETTER TO EDITOR
|Year : 2013 | Volume
| Issue : 3 | Page : 323-324
Prevalence of underweight, stunting and wasting among children in urban slums of Delhi
Ajeet Singh Bhadoria, Neha Sareen, Umesh Kapil
Department of Human Nutrition, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi
|Date of Web Publication||10-Jul-2013|
Department of Human Nutrition, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi - 110 029
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
|How to cite this article:|
Bhadoria AS, Sareen N, Kapil U. Prevalence of underweight, stunting and wasting among children in urban slums of Delhi. Int J Nutr Pharmacol Neurol Dis 2013;3:323-4
|How to cite this URL:|
Bhadoria AS, Sareen N, Kapil U. Prevalence of underweight, stunting and wasting among children in urban slums of Delhi. Int J Nutr Pharmacol Neurol Dis [serial online] 2013 [cited 2020 Jan 18];3:323-4. Available from: http://www.ijnpnd.com/text.asp?2013/3/3/323/114885
The National Family Health Survey (NFHS)-3 documented the prevalence of underweight, stunting, and wasting among children in Delhi as 26.1%, 42.2%, and 15.4% respectively.  We recently conducted a study on the prevalence of underweight, stunting, and wasting among children in the age group 3-5 years residing in urban slums of Meharauli block of National Capital Territory (NCT) of Delhi. Total of 336 children were included in the present study. The sample size was calculated keeping the prevalence of wasting as 15%  with 95% confidence limit, 80% of power, and 4% of absolute precision. A house-to-house survey was conducted and all the children in the age group 3-5 years were included in the study. The socio-economic status (SES) of the child's family was assessed using modified Kuppuswamy Classification, 2007.  Each child's parents/guardians were briefed about the objectives of the study. Written consent was obtained from them. Anthropometric measurements of weight and height were recorded utilizing standard equipments and procedure.  The Z-scores for weight-for-age (WAZ), height-for-age (HAZ), and weight-for-height (WHZ) were calculated using World Health Organization (WHO) reference data as standard.  The children were classified as underweight, stunted, and wasted if their WAZ, HAZ, and WHZ Z-score values were less than −2.0 standard deviation.
Among the children included in the study, the means (± SD) of the WAZ, HAZ, and WHZ were found to be −1.56 ± 1.09, −1.55 ± 1.56 and −0.93 ± 0.96 respectively.
It was found that the prevalence of underweight, stunting, and wasting among children was 37.5% (95% Confidence Interval (CI): 34.86-40.14), 39% (95% CI: 36.34-41.66), and 13.1% (95% CI: 11.26-14.94), respectively.
Prevalence of underweight, stunting, and wasting as per the SES is given in the [Table 1]. The prevalence of underweight, wasting, and stunting increases as the SES decreases. The difference in prevalence of underweight and stunting among socio-economic classes was found to be statistically significant ( P < 0.05).
|Table 1: Prevalence of underweight, stunting and wasting according to socio-economic classes|
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Similar low mean values of WAZ, HAZ, and WHZ Z-score were reported earlier among the children in the NFHS-3.  High prevalence of underweight (73.2%), stunting (89.6%), and wasting (4.1%) were reported in an earlier study among children in the age group of 3-5 years in Uttar Pradesh, India. 
A study conducted among pre-school children in Empowered Action Group states in India reported the prevalence of underweight, stunting, and wasting as 32.6%, 59.4%, and 41.3% respectively. 
The overall prevalence of underweight, stunting, and wasting in the present study was 37.5%, 39%, and 13.1% respectively. According to WHO, these levels of prevalence in children of age group 3-5 years in Urban Slum community indicates high prevalence rate for underweight, stunting, and wasting. 
Preventive measures for control of malnutrition in children are urgently required in urban slum communities in NCT of Delhi.
| References|| |
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