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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 289-293

Diosgenin prevents hepatic oxidative stress, lipid peroxidation and molecular alterations in chronic renal failure rats


1 Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Faculty of Science, Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Elumalai Balamurugan
Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Faculty of Science, Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar 608 002, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2231-0738.114870

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Aim: Chronic renal failure (CRF) is one of the major contributors of cardiovascular pathological events and CRF associated uremic condition in rats elevates liver oxidative stress. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the preventive potential of diosgenin on antioxidant system and molecular protection potential in liver of CRF rats. Materials and Methods: CRF in rats was induced by feeding rats with diet containing 0.75% adenine for 5 weeks. Diosgenin was given orally at a dose of 40 mg/kg body weight (bw) of animal each and every day. The activities of antioxidant enzymes and lipid peroxidation level were determined by biochemical assays. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) was employed to illustrate the molecular protection potential of diosgenin. Results: This study has shown adenine containing diet induced CRF in rats elevates liver oxidative stress by suppressing the activity of enzymatic antioxidant system, increased lipid peroxidation, and macromolecular structural alterations. In this study, treatment of diosgenin 40 mg/kg bw of rat significantly restores the enzymatic antioxidant system and reduces the lipid peroxidation level. Moreover, based on the FTIR study, we confirmed that diosgenin administration significantly protected the macromolecular changes including, the protein structural damage that occurred in liver. Conclusion: This study has proved the hepato protective action of diosgenin through antioxidant and molecular protection effect in CRF condition.


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