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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 121-125

Impact of training workshop on knowledge about new WHO growth chart, severe acute malnutrition, and Infant and Young Child Feeding among final-year medical students


Department of Community Medicine, Rural Medical College and Pravara Rural Hospital of Pravara Institute of Medical Sciences (Deemed University), Loni, Dist. Ahmednagar, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Purushottam A Giri
Department of Community Medicine (PSM), Rural Medical College, Loni, Maharashtra - 413 736
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2231-0738.112834

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Background: According to reports of the Food Agricultural Organization (FAO), malnutrition is prevalent among nearly 460 million people, which is 15% of the world's population, and 300 million in Southeast Asia where they constitute one-third of the population. According to the report of the National Family Health Survey (NFHS-III), only one-fourth of the infants started breastfeeding within the first half hour of birth and 57% of mothers gave fluids in addition to breast milk within three days of delivery. Objectives: The present study was conducted to assess the knowledge about the new growth chart of the World Health Organization (WHO), severe acute malnutrition (SAM), and Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) among final-year medical students. Materials and Methods: An interventional study was conducted from June 2010 to September 2010 by interviewing 118 final-year medical students. A predesigned and pretested questionnaire was used to collect the pre-workshop and post-workshop data. Questions were based on the knowledge about the new growth chart, SAM, and IYCF.The results were analyzed statistically using percentages, proportions, and Chi-square test. Results: In this study, only 15.2% students knew about the number of reference curves as per the new growth chart of the WHO, but after the workshop, 94.1% became aware of it ( P < 0.0001). Before the workshop, 21.2% students knew thedifference between marasmus and kwashiorkor, but after the workshop 88.1% were aware of it ( P < 0.0001). Only 51.7% students knew about the appropriate age for weaning, but after the workshop 97.5% were aware of it ( P < 0.0001). After the workshop, 87.3% students were aware of the type of feeding to be given during illnessfor infants older than 6 months ( P < 0.0001). Conclusion: Such interventional studies are important to increase the knowledge amongst the students, as the topic chosen was closely related to everyday life with respect to treatment of children, and advice on feeding, proper nutrition, and growth.


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